Kitchen design in stalinka

Kitchens in the "stalines" favorably differ from the typical ones in that they have:

  • High ceilings (from 3 m);
  • Thick brick walls;
  • Often the right square shape;
  • Non-load-bearing partitions;
  • Large windows with wide windowsills.

However, there are weaknesses. First of all it is: a small kitchen area, worn out utilities, wooden floors, dilapidated internal structures and decoration. In this material, we will talk about how to turn a kitchen in a stalinka into a modern, beautiful and comfortable space with the help of competent repair and carefully planned design.

13 tips for design and repair of kitchen in stalinka

Council 1. Make major repairs with replacement of all engineering communications

If the house has not been overhauled, you will have to perform it yourself and without any compromise. The main thing that needs to be done is to replace all pipes, electrical wiring, ventilation ducts and thoroughly repair the floor. Other possible tasks: replacement of windows, doors, demolition and erection of walls, their leveling, repair of the ceiling.

  • It is very important to entrust the repair of the kitchen in the Stalinist masters who have experience working with old houses.
  • If there are wooden floors in your house, then, before you start the device of a new floor, it is necessary to conduct an examination of the foundation. It can be performed only by construction organizations with SRO approval and licensed for conservation of cultural heritage sites. Only having received the conclusion with the calculation of the bearing capacity of the floor and instructions for its reconstruction, you can proceed to repair.

Tip 2. Choose a style that matches the spirit of the house

In the kitchen in Stalinist you can realize any classic and modern style of the interior. But especially suitable are those directions that correspond to the spirit and architecture of the house, because they are the main advantage of all "stalinok." In our opinion, the following styles will help to preserve the uniqueness of the atmosphere:

  • Staromoskovsky;

Interior of the kitchen in the old Moscow style

  • Neoclassical;
Kitchen in stalinka in neoclassical style

Neoclassical cuisine in the former communal apartment of Stalin's house

  • Mid-Century (postwar modernism);
  • Kitchen-living room in the post-war style stalinkaKitchen-living room in a three-room apartment in a Stalin-era building
  • Kitchen-living room in the post-war style stalinkaKitchen-living room in a three-room apartment in a Stalin-era building
  • Kitchen-living room in the post-war style stalinkaKitchen-living room in a three-room apartment in a Stalin-era building
  • Kitchen-living room in the post-war style stalinkaKitchen-living room in a three-room apartment in a Stalin-era building
  • Soviet style;
  • Interior of the kitchen in the Soviet style
  • Interior of the kitchen in the Soviet style
  • Loft or indastrial.
  • Brickwork in the kitchen in the stalinka
  • Brickwork in the kitchen in the stalinka
  • Brickwork in the kitchen in the stalinka

Tip 3. Do the redevelopment

Even in the "nomenklatura" stalines, the area of ​​kitchens is not large (10-15 sq. M.), What can we say about "privates" with kitchenettes with a footprint of 7-9 sq. M. The cardinal change of such a small room can only be combined with an adjacent living room and / or corridor. In this situation, it becomes possible not only to take the dining area out of the kitchen, but also to create a space very convenient for communication and household gatherings.

  • The good news is that the walls in the stalines are almost always curtained (with the exception of beams and sometimes columns). Bad news - according to the SNIP, the gasified kitchen must necessarily be insulated with a door.

You can get out of the situation only by brewing a gas pipe and installing an electric stove (subject to agreement) or by expanding the doorway and installing a sliding / folding door (see photo). The second way is much easier, because folding / sliding doors can easily be removed to the pencil case, creating a single space and without violating any rules.

  • Folding doors in the kitchen in stalinka
  • Folding doors in the kitchen in stalinka

And here is an example of a combined kitchen-living room, in which gas was removed and an electric hob was installed.

  • Interior of kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Interior of kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Interior of kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Interior of kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Interior of kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Interior of kitchen-living room in stalinka

However, in some cases it is possible to agree and complete unification of the gasified kitchen from the living room. After all, most of Stalin's buildings are not serial, and therefore the approach to their "alteration" is individual.

So, for example, if a room adjacent to the kitchen is designated as a dining room by documents, then, under certain requirements, it is very likely that the planning will be reconciled.

In the next selection of photos are examples of the design of the combined kitchen-living rooms in Stalinist houses.

Kitchen-living room in an ordinary stalinka

Kitchen area of ​​7 square meters. m, combined with the living room

  • Kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • Kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • United kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • United kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • United kitchen-living room in stalinka
  • United kitchen-living room in stalinka

Tip 4. Retain the characteristic elements of the finish where possible

Professional designers, working with stalinkas, try to preserve authentic elements of decoration as much as possible because of their special beauty and significance. Why not follow their example and try to save, say, a wooden parquet on the floor or stucco on the ceilings and walls? Unfortunately, it is not always possible to save such features, but they can be recreated or reproduced in a new way.

  • Stucco molding in the kitchen in stalinka
  • Stucco molding in the kitchen in stalinka

Tips & Tricks

  • By the way, the old wooden windows are highly desirable to change to wooden, rather than plastic double-glazed windows.
  • Brick walls can be exposed, cleaned, then varnished or painted.

Tip 5. Emphasize and use the height of ceilings

Thanks to high ceilings in the kitchen in the stalinka, you can at least install a tension or multi-level gypsum plasterboard ceiling or, as a maximum, install decorative beams, caissons (see photo below), wide moldings and stucco.

  • Coffered ceilings in the kitchen in the stalinka
  • Coffered ceilings in the kitchen in the stalinka
  • Coffered ceilings in the kitchen in the stalinka

And if the kitchen does not have enough storage space, all the same height of walls will help out. You just need to design a headset with an optional third or fourth tier, maybe even up to the ceiling as shown in the next photo.

High set in the kitchen in the stalinka

Tip 6. Bet on light tones

The most effective way to increase a small kitchen is simple - to decorate it in light colors. For example, in white, cream, light gray, beige or light blue hue. In case the kitchen is extremely small, narrow or dark, it is best to paint the walls and choose a set in white.

White small kitchen in stalinka

White small kitchen in stalinka

Kitchen in stalinka in light colors

And that the light interior does not seem excessively sterile, combine contrasting textures (for example, gloss with matte surfaces) or add a few bright accents (it is better to use no more than 2 additional colors).

Design of kitchen with a red door in stalinka

Tip 7. Use the window sill

As a rule, window sills in the stalines are not only deep, but also high, which means that they can be built into the headset without lifting the window, as is often the case with other houses.

  • A window sill, combined with a suite, can become an excellent cutting table, a cupboard for storage of dishes or a bar counter.

The main condition is that the new worktop must have ventilation holes, and the cabinet doors (if any) must be latticed so that the heat from the radiator freely circulates through the room.

Below in the selection of photos are several examples of how you can usefully use the sill.

  • Window sill attached to the headsetWhen installing the sink near the window, make sure that its sashes can be opened unhindered, that is, without resting on the mixer or other objects
  • Window sill attached to the headsetWhen installing the sink near the window, make sure that its sashes can be opened unhindered, that is, without resting on the mixer or other objects
  • Window sill attached to the headsetWhen installing the sink near the window, make sure that its sashes can be opened unhindered, that is, without resting on the mixer or other objects

Window sill-bar in the kitchen in the stalinka

Tip 8. Plan a compact and super-functional headset

  • For a square kitchen it is worth choosing L-shaped set or U-shaped (subject to the construction of the sill and the width of the passage between the sidewalls is not less than 1 meter).
L-shaped kitchen in stalinka

L-shaped kitchen area of ​​10 m2 in an apartment in the pre-war Stalinist era

  • If the kitchen is quite small (6 sq. M or 7 sq. M) and in priority - roominess of a dining table it is necessary to choose the most compact lay-out - linear.

Linear kitchen layout

  • For narrow kitchen it is worth choosing linear planning or двухрядную планировку, при условии, что проход между модулями составит не меньше 100 см.
  • Если гарнитур расположен у дверного проема, то ближайший к нему модуль желательно сделать скошенным or радиусным. Так вход на кухню будет более безопасным и комфортным.

Corner kitchen with beveled curbstone

  • Чтобы сэкономить место, в угловой и П-образной кухне боковины без встроенной техники можно сделать уже. Также в гарнитурах таких форм важно максимально эффективно задействовать углы - встроить в них выдвижные и многоэтажные системы, корзины or карусели.
  • Увеличить места хранения можно за счет дополнительного верхнего яруса or цоколя со встроенными выдвижными ящиками.
  • Boxes in the kitchen sink
  • Boxes in the kitchen sink
  • Boxes in the kitchen sink
  • Boxes in the kitchen sink

Tip 9. Hide the gas column, duct and paint the pipes in the tone of the background

A gas column with an open combustion chamber can be hidden in a storage cabinet without a top and a bottom, and also with a 15-centimeter indentation from the side walls (with gas service coordination).

  • Gas column in the cabinet
  • Gas column in the cabinet

Also, an open-type column can be hidden in a false extraction, as in this project of repairing the kitchen in the stalinka, conducted by the transfer of the "Housing issue".

  • Gas column in the exhaust hood
  • Kitchen design with gas stove in false extractor

Kitchen design with gas stove in false extractor

Чтобы трубы не портor интерьер, их достаточно покрасить в тон стен.

Masking pipes in the kitchen in Stalin

See material on the topic: Design and repair of kitchen with gas column.

На кухне в стиле лофт or кантри колонку, воздуховод, радиатор и трубы можно не прятать, а, наоборот, использовать как элементы декора.

  • Kitchen in country style
  • Kitchen in industrial style with gas column
  • If the kitchen is very small and there is a garbage disposal in it, then for the sake of space saving it should be dismantled and immured (preliminary approval is required). If the garbage chute does not bother you, then in the process of repair it is enough to replace its hatch (for example, on a double-glazed unit).
  • Воздуховод можно спрятать в гипсокартонном коробе or в дополнительном верхнем ярусе гарнитура.

Tip 10. Choose a technique of reduced size and integrate everything that you can embed

Когда все поверхности кухни единообразны, то интерьер выглядит упорядоченным и визуально менее загроможденным. А если техника будет еще и компактная, то получится сэкономить и драгоценные сантиметры. Так, например, для маленькой семьи it is worth choosing узкую посудомойку шириной 45 см, плиту с двумя-тремя конфорками и узкий, но высокий холодильник.

  • Kitchen in the stalinka with mini-appliances
  • Kitchen in the stalinka with mini-appliances
  • Kitchen in the stalinka with mini-appliances

Tip 11. Create even lighting

Освещение может изменить восприятие маленького пространства в худшую or лучшую сторону. Так как кухни в сталинках небольшие, но при этом с высокими потолками, то одной люстры здесь будет недостаточно.

  • Самый беспроигрышный сценарий освещения: точечные светильники по периметру + люстра в центре or над столом + мебельная подсветка в рабочей зоне.

Kitchen lighting in stalinka

Tip 12. Pick up a compact dining group

Если обеденная зона вынесена в присоединенную гостиную or отдельную столовую, то стол и стулья могут быть практически любыми. Однако для изолированной мини-кухни метражом 6-10 м2 fit only furniture mini format. For example, it could be:

  • Folding table;
  • A table with folding wings;
  • Раскладной or раздвижной стол на 2-4 персоны;
  • Small coffee table;
  • Bar counter (including on the basis of the window sill).

L-shaped kitchen in stalinka

Chairs for a small kitchen are suitable as follows:

  • Folding "garden" chairs;
  • Vienna and any other light and small chairs;
  • Transparent plastic chairs;
  • Stools;
  • The bench.

Vienna chairs in the kitchen in Stalin

Vienna chairs in the kitchen in Stalin

Tip 13. Give up decorator excesses

Изобorе декора, мелких деталей и разнородных поверхностей «дробит» маленькое пространство и привносит в него ощущение беспорядка. Поэтому в оформлении небольшой кухни в сталинке стоит сделать ставку на качество, а не количество аксессуаров. Пары настенных украшений, часов, живых растений и вазы с фруктами будет достаточно для создания уюта.

An example of decorating a kitchen in a stalinka

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