Houses built in the 30s - late 50s of the last century, commonly called stalinkas, have always been interested in secondary buyers because of their undoubted advantages: high ceilings, large windows, good areas. However, repairs in the stalinka require large investments, and the reason is worn-out engineering communications, the need to replace the wiring and serious work with the leveling of the floors and walls.Investments in the overhaul completely pay off with the pleasure of a comfortable new kitchen.
How to start repairing
Despite the fact that the kitchen in the stalinka is usually of a small size and sometimes can not exceed 5 squares in size, it is necessary to tune in to large expenses in order to repair it. And it's not just the need to replace windows, doors, pipes and wiring.Thick walls in old houses make it possible to make additional cabinets and even a refrigerator.
We will have to re-lay the floors, level the walls and ceiling, and, if possible, even make the redevelopment of the premises, since the whole family is beautifully located on the luxurious Stalinist meters, in a small kitchen simply will not fit.
Before the repair begins, it is necessary to create a new kitchen design reflecting its future interior. Mark the places where there will be a sink, a dishwasher, a furniture set - this will determine the conclusions of the communications and electrical wiring.To the kitchen was comfortable, you need to think in advance the location of furniture, appliances and sockets
Replacement of communications
Replacement of communications - необходимый этап начала ремонта в кухне. Рассматривать замену коммуникаций нужно с учетом мест, где будут расположены основные потребители воды согласно первоначального проекта.
If a dishwasher is to be installed, changing the location of the sink and transferring the gas stove, the rules should be observed:
- Water and sewage pipes and hoses should not exceed a meter and a half in length and should remain accessible for inspection;
- Flexible gas hoses can be stretched only up to four meters in length.
A good solution for the kitchen is to hide the pipes behind the cabinets without the rear walls: they will not spoil the view of the kitchen and they will still have access.
Pipes in the stalinka, especially if the overhaul was not carried out, must be changed necessarily. In old pipes, not only are fistulas and cracks formed, from the inside they are almost 70% clogged with salts and sediments, which reduces their throughput.Using the opportunity, you can make global changes and move the sink to a more convenient place
It is possible that when replacing the sewer pipe branch from the kitchen, the question arises of replacing the entire sewage pipe. Even if once a major overhaul was carried out, it is necessary to inspect the location of the pipes - for some reason, it was in the Stalin-era buildings of the Housing Committee that they liked to pass new pipes in the middle of the wall.New water pipes ensure the prevention of blockages.
The new water supply and sewerage system is made with metal-plastic or polypropylene pipes, which are distinguished by their simplicity of installation, strength, good performance characteristics.
After replacing the water supply and sewerage communications, it is necessary to call gas specialists to assess the state of the gas pipes. After their conclusion, under the supervision of specialists, replacement of gas pipes is carried out. However, often there is no special need for this, except for the transfer of space for the gas stove.New pipes of communications - the basic rule for house security.
Replacement of electrical wiring
Electrical wiring in the kitchen in the stalinka, as in the entire apartment, will have to be changed necessarily. The fact is that of those years in Stalin, aluminum wiring, calculated from the strength of the chandelier and the refrigerator, has been preserved.
Now, electricity consumption in the stalinka should be calculated on the basis of the availability of the same refrigerator, dishwasher, microwave, electric kettle, hoods, powerful lighting and other household appliances. The cable should be changed to a copper section of not less than 8 kW. Also need to install a voltage relay, replace the package, put the voltage regulator.It is advisable to decide in advance what equipment will be in the kitchen, and eliminate all the weak points in the wiring.
It is more difficult to make a replacement, if the walls of shingles: you have to lay the electrical cable on a combustible base, and put the sub-boxes and switch boxes in a tree. Wiring should be built in corrugated insulating pipe. If the walls are cinder, foam concrete or gypsum, the work will be easier. In this case, ordinary shrouds are made in the walls.The kitchen should have enough sockets for all appliances and appliances.
The walls in the stalink can be simply uneven, and may even go deep cracks. In any case, they will have to be strengthened and leveled. Some even remove the layer of old plaster, which can reach up to 10 cm of thickness, fill the grid with shingles and plaster from above with any gypsum plaster, or sew up GKL. It should be understood that reducing the thickness of the overlap between the apartments leads to noise isolation problems.Drywall makes the walls perfectly even and improves sound insulation.
Alignment of walls today is usually done with drywall. This design allows you to hide between the wall and the GCR an additional layer of soundproofing. On gypsum cardboard you can paste tiles, fix plastic panels or paste wallpaper. However, if you have the skill, you can level the walls with plaster mixes, which are now sold in sufficient quantities.
If there is a desire to combine the kitchen with the neighboring room or expand the room at the expense of the corridor, you can remove the partition, especially if it is made of wood with shingles. Before dismantling the wall, you need to carefully examine the ceiling: rotten ceiling boards can only be held up by the partition.You can only transfer partitions, the walls can not be touched.
Dismantling is carried out from above - the partition from the plaster layer is first released, and then the boards begin to sawn. This easy job can not be called - since even pine boards for decades of exploitation could become strong as a stone.The transfer of the partition of the small kitchen allows you to place additional furniture.
Floor and ceiling
If the ceiling in the stalinka usually does not cause problems - it can be plastered, aligned, glued on it with a ceiling monolithic tile, suspended ceilings, then with a floor list of works will be more.All the errors of the old ceiling are easily concealed under the hinged structure.
The old floor is dismantled, as many boards are usually already rotten to this point. Under the boards are usually found mountains of debris, and if before the repair there were problems with sewer pipes, then also impregnated with fetid smell. This garbage must be collected and discarded, and the gaps between the lags should be covered with expanded clay to create a heat and soundproof layer.Replacement of the floor makes it possible to make it warm and improve the sound insulation.
Everyone makes a cake of sex on their own.
There are more than a dozen options for pie:
- Expanded clay up to 20 cm, reinforcing mesh, screed up to 4 cm, laminate or parquet.
- 2 layers of plywood for logs 15 mm thick in level with preservation of the horizontal, substrate, linoleum or laminate.
Laminate is perfect for modern kitchen repair.
If the floor is reinforced concrete, it can be leveled with a light wet screed or buy an ordinary dry screed, for example, from Knauf.
Make a redevelopment
In some cases, you can not do without a re-planning in the kitchen in Stalin's house. There are interesting houses that were actually built in the pre-Stalin period, but which are also called stalinkas.
When designing neighborhoods from such houses, it was envisaged that residents would eat in the canteens in the yard, and the kitchen was designed only to drink tea at night. Of course, with the size of an apartment of 60-80 squares, a kitchen of 4 squares can not perform its functions.Sometimes a kitchen table is suitable only for a cup of morning coffee.
Such kitchens can be combined with an adjacent room, making a dining room, and leaving the functional area in its original place. There is an option just to move the partition to one and a half meters in the next room and sew it with plasterboard.
This, by the way, is a more legitimate option, since according to the norms gasified kitchens should be separated by a door from living quarters. To solve this problem, you can use popular sliding structures, including glass.Often redevelopment is the only way to make a small kitchen comfortable
Choosing the right style
Kitchen in the stalinka is an opportunity to realize all your design dreams. If the stalinka is nomenklatura and there is stucco under the ceiling, you can beat this element by building a classic or Soviet interior in the kitchen. Classic interiors like spacious rooms, so do not sell them if the kitchen area is less than 8 squares.
In a smaller kitchen, modern style - minimalism or loft will look great. High ceilings, very large windows - all this contributes to good natural light.In the kitchen in Stalin, you can realize the most ambitious design intentions
Choice of colors
The peculiarity of the stalinka is in the high level of illumination of the kitchen. Even a very small kitchen will look spacious, and if you decorate walls, ceiling and furniture in light colors, it will easily breathe and work joyfully. Even in a small but well lit by the large kitchen window, the rich furniture facades and contrasting bright accents will look great.A harmonious combination of light background and juicy accents invigorates even the smallest space of the kitchen.
A small area of the kitchen dictates the condition to choose a compact, but very functional interior. Perhaps even the location of high lockers by analogy with Soviet pencil cases up to two or two and a half meters.Built-in closets are very roomy and allow you to place all kitchen accessories.
You can also increase the storage space due to the furniture base with drawers. If you replace the wide and deep Stalinist window sill with marble or granite, you can use it as a working area.The space under the cabinets can be used functionally using drawers.
For a small kitchen, a linear layout is chosen for the furniture set, for a more spacious one - L-shaped or U-shaped, but with the possibility of passage between furniture elements with a width not less than 1 meter. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to place kitchen corner sofas in a small kitchen. The table and chairs are a great option.Furniture-transformer solves the problem of lack of space in a small kitchen.
How to hide the gas column
A gas column with an open combustion chamber is usually hidden in a false cabinet without a bottom and top, but with a 15-cm indentation according to the gas service regulations from the side walls. However, in the kitchen, decorated in a modern style high-tech or loft, a column and pipes can not be hidden, and even used as an element of decor.If the requirements are met, you can hide the gas column in the cabinet together with the pipes.
Technique for the kitchen in the Stalin era will have to buy the minimum size and embed it whenever possible. It is better to place the dishwasher in the space under the sink, the refrigerator to choose a high and narrow, the stove is also better than narrowed. A good way out in a small kitchen when solving the functional problems will be a gas hob.Furniture diminished size can be built into the headset and save the necessary space.The hob instead of a full plate free space for additional boxes.
Thanks to high ceilings in the stalinka, you can use any type of lighting, including chandeliers in combination with spotlights around the perimeter. Unfortunately, it is because of the same three-meter height of the ceiling lighting one chandelier may be insufficient. Therefore, it is necessary to provide for the presence of additional light above the working area, above the apron, on the rail, as well as additional sconces near the dining table.The abundance of light creates a cozy atmosphere in the kitchen.
Kitchen in Stalin can be repaired and rebuilt in a more convenient room. A huge plus - high ceilings and large windows. Independently to overhaul repair most likely it will not turn out - too many works: replacement of conducting, replacement of pipes.
Kitchen repair in stalinka video
Making major repairs in the kitchen, you can create a very modern, stylish and cozy kitchen.