Vinyl wallpaper - this is one of the main types of coatings, which is suitable for wall finishing in the kitchen.
Pros: durability (10-15 years), moisture resistance, washable types - moisture repellent, durability, resistance to fading and burning out, the ability to hide uneven walls and "transfer" their movements, the ability to soundproofing (wallpaper on non-woven basis).
Cons: artificiality, unpleasant odor (in some types of wallpaper), the release of harmful volatile substances (in small doses), poor air permeability (in some species), which can contribute to the formation of fungus and mold on the surface of the walls.
Step 1. First, choose the basis - which is better paper or non-woven?
Vinyl wallpaper, as a rule, consists of two layers - from the base, which can be paper or non-woven, as well as from the top decorative protective layer of PVC (PVC), on which the embossing or drawing is applied.
Advice for those who do not want to delve into the nuances of the differences of all kinds of wallpapers:
- The best wallpaper for the kitchen - solid washable vinyl wallpaper on a non-woven basis. They better tolerate frequent washing, abrasion, temperature changes, high humidity, do not burn out, soundproof and at the expense of greater density hide well the small defects of the wall. And most importantly, they "breathe", which means that mold does not form under them and they do not emit harmful volatile substances. Theoretically, such wallpaper can last 15 years without any changes. In addition, they are easier to glue, because they do not stretch from the glue, which, moreover, is not applied to the wallpaper, but only to the wall.
Step 2. And now select the type of vinyl layer
The top layer of vinyl wallpaper, that is, actually vinyl, also happens to be different. All types of vinyl coatings can be divided into 3 large groups:
- foamed vinyl: structured wallpaper with decorative embossing and under painting;
- flat vinyl, hot stamping vinyl - this group includes the so-called "Super Wash", silkscreen and CD-vinyl;
- hard vinyl.
And now let's talk about the applicability of these species specifically to the kitchen.
- Coverings of foamed vinyl based on paper have a rough, but soft surface.
You can choose:
- foamed vinyl with decorative embossing (under linen, matting, textured leather, etc.);
- vinyl for painting, that is, wallpaper is white or beige, which can be repainted up to 10 times.
They do not have high strength and moisture resistance, but they are still cleaned with a damp cloth without strong friction and abrasives, so they fit the kitchen in some way. And most importantly, they are harmless, since the foamed vinyl cover has a porous structure that allows the wall to "breathe". Another plus of them - due to their relief they make the unevenness of the walls unobtrusive.
- Let's move on to flat vinyl.
- The best for the kitchen wallpaper in terms of strength and ease of care - super-washing ("Super Wash"), with increased moisture resistance and increased thickness of the protective layer of PVC, due to which they look a bit rude. In addition, the number of designs in this group is limited;
- Compact vinyl is also often chosen for the kitchen. They are durable and easy to care for, because they are not afraid of water and cleaning. Can qualitatively imitate textiles, plaster, natural stone;
- Silk-screen printing, paper-based coating simulating smooth silk, with deep embossing. They are considered not very strong, therefore it is better to glue them in dining rooms. In addition, they can not hide the small flaws of the wall.
- Finally, hard vinyl is a heat-treated, that is, a vaporized PVC coating, from which all harmful substances are removed.
As we have already said, this is the best wallpaper for the kitchen, as they have all the advantages of washable vinyl wallpaper, but they "breathe", and because of the smooth surface they are still very easy to wipe. But the price for them is higher.
Important deviation from the theme - vinyl wallpaper - breathe or do not breathe?
Vinyl wallpaper is often reproached for not breathing. And this, unfortunately, is true, since vinyl has no pores that could provide the processes of air exchange, accumulation and evaporation of excessive moisture in the room. However, this defect is completely solved - frequent airing, as well as the use of glue and a primer with an antiseptic.
But it's best to buy the same solid vinyl wallpaper that has a base of special non-woven material or three-layer paper that has a microcapillary structure.
Step 3. Calculate material consumption
For calculation, it is necessary to calculate the perimeter of the kitchen according to the formula: the length of one wall + the length of the adjacent wall x 2. For example, if the length of one wall is 5 meters, the other is 3 meters, the perimeter is 16 meters.
If the length of the opposite walls is different (there are niches and ledges), then the perimeter is treated differently:
- the length of each wall is calculated (taking into account depressions and convex parts).
- all the indicators add up - the result is a perimeter.
- "Do not subtract" the windows and doors do not need, even if the extra will remain prozapas.
Next, we calculate the consumption of materials. For this you need:
- Determine the number of sheets required. To do this, the perimeter of the room needs to be divided by the width of the roll (the standard width of the roll is 53 cm, but it is better to check it by looking at the size on the package). We round to the big side and, thus, we understand the number of canvases necessary for pasting the kitchen. If we divide our perimeter (16 meters) by the standard width of the roll (53 cm), then, rounding, we get 31 canvases (1600/53 = 30.2).
- To determine the height of the canvas, we use this technique: take the height of the kitchen (for example, 2.50 m), add "rapport" (rapport is the step with which the pattern repeats on the wallpaper, it is indicated on the package if wallpaper with a picture) + stock on cutting from the top and bottom (10 cm). We count: height - 2,50 m + 50 cm "rapport" + 10 cm for cutting = 3,10 - height of the canvas.
- Determine how many canvases are in the roll. To do this, you need to divide the length of the roll into the height of one canvas. The standard length is slightly more than 10 m (10 m and 5 cm). We have already calculated the height in the previous paragraph. We consider: if the length of the roll is 10 m, and the height of the canvas is 3.10 m, then only 3 canvases are in one roll. The remaining centimeters are trimming.
- Determine the number of rolls required. To do this, it is necessary to divide the resulting number from the first point (31 in our case) into the resulting number from the second item (3 rolls) + 1 roll to take over. We get: (perimeter kitchen - 31 m) / 3 (canvases in a roll) + 1 = 12 rolls (after rounding).
In total, in our case, to glue the whole kitchen, you need to buy 12 rolls. Make a similar calculation and get your number of necessary materials.
Step 4. We buy adhesive for vinyl wallpaper
Vinyl wallpapering requires a special approach - in particular, in terms of preparing the adhesive mixture. The choice of adhesive for vinyl wallpaper depends on their type:
- Universal adhesives are suitable only for light vinyl wallpaper;
- There are also universal adhesives for all types of vinyl wallpaper on paper basis;
- Adhesives for vinyl wallpaper on non-woven basis.
Since for kitchen choose washable, dense and heavy vinyl wallpaper, the glue must match and be marked with a signature - "for heavy wallpaper".
Tips for choosing a glue for gluing vinyl wallpapers:
- To ensure that the wallpaper does not peel off for a long time and is easily glued, buy glue from a trusted manufacturer that does not contain starch and PVA impurities, which makes the adhesive difficult to dissolve in water.
- A good glue should completely dissolve in no more than 5 minutes without forming lumps.
- Ready glue should be a gel-like consistency, so that when applied it is not sprayed with a brush and easily applied to the canvas.
- Adhesive for vinyl wallpaper for finishing the kitchen should be moisture resistant, this is especially important for gluing the wallpaper for painting. Moisture-resistant adhesives can transfer 6-8 cycles of repainting the coating.
- It is best to buy glue with a color indicator in the composition, which eliminates the appearance of non-glued areas, which is especially true for vinyl wallpaper on non-woven fabrics, when the glue is applied directly to the wall.
- Also, the adhesive for vinyl wallpaper must have antiseptic additives (fungicides) to prevent the occurrence of "non-breathable" wallpaper mold.
Step 5. Prepare the wall and everything you need
Before you glue vinyl wallpaper, you do not need to bring the surface of the wall to an ideal state, because they are dense and can cover small cracks. And yet, some requirements must be met.
- Before gluing the wall should be smooth, clean and dry, without greasy stains, nails, the remains of old wallpaper and paint.
- Also surfaces should be primed with a special compound.
- Before you glue vinyl wallpaper, you need to test the readiness of the walls for gluing. To do this, draw on the surface of the hand - it should remain without chalk and particles of putty. In addition, you can stick a piece of film on the wall (without gaps around the perimeter) and leave it for a day. If there is no condensation next day, the surface is considered ready.
For preparation work also prepare:
And do not forget to prepare a clean workplace for cutting and spreading the canvases, as well as find a partner. After all, one can not cope with such work.
Step 6. Stick wallpaper like a pro
And now let's find out how to properly glue vinyl wallpaper. The process is fairly simple and does not differ from the gluing of other types of wallpaper.
- First you need to make a cut: measure the height of the wall, and then cut the roll into strips of the desired length of +10 cm allowance. If the material has a picture that requires overlapping, then it is selected before gluing - that's why such wallpaper is always taken with a margin;
- After cutting, the adhesive is applied: if the base is non-woven, then glue is applied only to the wall, and if it is paper, then both the canvas and the wall (sometimes only the canvas).
Tip: if you have glue without a color indicator, then evenly distribute the glue by folding the blurred strip in half as shown in the photo below and letting them get wet.
- Before you glue vinyl wallpaper, you need to draw the markup using a construction level or a plumb line.
- Wallpapers always glue from the window to the door. Glue them to the butt, tightly adjusting to each other.
- After gluing the canvas spread out with a special rubber roller, as if drawing a Christmas tree: first roll the roller along the center along the wallpaper, and then from the center to the edges. Especially carefully spread the canvas under the ceiling skirting. Strongly to rub or press on wet cloths it is impossible, especially if they on a paper substrate.
- After all the stripes have been glued, it will only be necessary to trim the edges at the level of the skirting board with a sharp knife. If the skirting board is not removed, then the wallpaper is bent inside and well ironed.
As for gluing in the corners and behind the batteries, the recommendations are as follows:
- In the corners of the canvas are glued with the admission to the next wall and are carefully smoothed. The strip is pasted on top by preliminary vertical marking.
- For radiators, 10 cm of canvas are inserted and carefully pressed with a roller.
On how to paste vinyl wallpaper near doors, windows, sockets, etc. read here.